This post has been updated as of March 2020.
As a teacher considering how you want to approach your means of instruction, you (of course) want to employ a method that is beneficial for all of your students. You want them to enjoy the learning process, and for your classroom to be orderly and controlled.
In your research, you’ve probably come across a debate that has been at the forefront of educators’ minds when they think about instruction: what’s better, teacher-centered or student-centered education?
To simplify the two approaches and help you determine which is best for you, we defined both teacher-centered education and student-centered education and rounded up what has been proposed as pros and cons of each.
In teacher-centered education, students put all of their focus on the teacher. You talk, and the students exclusively listen. During activities, students work alone, and collaboration is discouraged.
When a classroom operates with student-centered instruction, students and instructors share the focus. Instead of listening to the teacher exclusively, students and teachers interact equally. Group work is encouraged, and students learn to collaborate and communicate with one another.
In recent years, more teachers have moved toward a student-centered approach. However, some students maintain that teacher-centered education is the more effective strategy. In most cases, it is best for teachers to use a combination of approaches to ensure that all student needs are met. You know your classroom better than anyone, so decide what works best for you and your students.