Many higher education faculty have had some experience teaching online. Although those instructors may find this information useful to their work in online teaching, this guide is designed primarily for those who have had little or no experience teaching university or college courses through distance learning, or online.
Dismiss the “knowledge gap”
To begin with, those of us with limited online teaching experience feel confounded with a “knowledge gap” that exists on how to transfer a classroom-based course effectively onto an online format. No need to panic – for a couple of reasons. Number one, you are the expert in your subject matter and it is widely known that teacher credibility has a large effect on the success of students. So the content will be a significant asset in bringing your course online. Number two, there are easily-accessed resources for you to use to guide your moving the curriculum into an online venue. A quick survey of these resources provided in our guide will get you started – or keep you going – in bringing your course online.
Apply best practices
As for best practices in teaching online, many have been adopted over the past few years. Here are a few examples:
For the time being, however, as one colleague put it, excellence in teaching online is not the goal in getting started; rather, “good enough-ness” in bringing higher education courses online should be the focus of your first efforts. There are a few practices that you already use in your classes that can be easily adopted in your online teaching as a “best practice” and that we know have a large proven effect on student achievement.
- Worked examples: step-by-step demonstration for your students in how to perform a task or solve a problem
- Deliberate practice: practice provided to your students that is focused on a specific goal that will improve performance
- Feedback: what you provide your students based on their performance
- Instructional scaffolding: used to model or demonstrate to students and then step back, with support as needed
Facilitate student engagement
And, finally, there is a keen interest in techniques, practices, and strategies that can be used to maximize student engagement when teaching and learning online. Again, an instructional strategy that you have used many times that can be adapted to online learning is classroom discussion. One successful adaptation of this age-old student engagement technique is “nested communities.” You can create nested communities by creating class groups, small peer groups, or study groups. This structure will offer students regular and frequent interactions that support academics, and social and emotional connections amongst your students.
In this uncertain climate, it’s important that learning continues, even if it can’t happen in person. Knowing where to find expertise and trusted sources of information on best practices for online teaching and learning is key as many rethink the learning environment from a much larger perspective. The resources shared here will help you get started and keep the learning going!
COVID-19: Guide to Teaching Online in Higher Education
See all of our articles from the Guide to Teaching Online in Higher Education
- Getting Started Teaching Online in Higher Education
- The Basics of Online Teaching in Higher Education
- 6 Best Practices in Online Higher Ed Teaching – Now and in the Future!
- Use of the Iterative Process to Improve Students’ Writing
- Impact of COVID-19 on Supporting Roles in Higher Education
- The Transformation of Distance Learning in Higher Education
- 10 Essential Tips for Teaching Online During the COVID-19 Pandemic
- Teaching Adult Learners in the Online Environment
- Importance of Faculty Mentoring
- Traumatic Stress & Online Higher Education Faculty
- It’s the Week to Celebrate Teachers!
Dr. Mary Jane Pearson is the Chief Academic Advisor for HotChalk. One of her notable accomplishments is the design of the highly successful model of support and mentoring for online higher education faculty, which has resulted in over 90% retention rate for online faculty, and an overall average of 4.5/5 faculty rating from student end-of-course evaluations. Dr. Pearson’s unique credentials as a teacher educator include chairing the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing (CCTC), the largest educator licensing agency in the U.S., during which she co-authored the research on California’s beginning teacher support that has become the worldwide standard for the induction, mentoring and support of new teachers. In addition, Dr. Pearson was appointed by the U.S. President to serve as the Regional Representative for the U.S. Department of Education. In recognition of her service to education, Dr. Pearson was named California Teacher Educator of the Year. Dr. Pearson earned her PhD from the University of Kansas.
Dr. Gail Kirby is the Online Instructional Mentor for HotChalk and is a published subject matter expert in online higher education faculty support & mentoring. In addition, she is an Associate Professor of Special Education at Western Kentucky University. Dr. Kirby has 33 years of experience teaching P-12; over 25 years in higher education, including community college, and both private and public college and university settings. She earned her EdD from the University of San Francisco.